The tell-tale brain: a neuroscientist's quest for what makes us human/ CHAPTER 1 PHANTOM LIMBS AND PLASTIC BRAINS. CHAPTER 2 SEEING AND. PDF | On Jul 1, , Peter Brugger and others published The tell-tale brain: Unlocking the mystery of human nature. The human brain viewed from the top and from the left side. The top view The artist's whimsical depiction of a person draped on the brain surface shows the.
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To cite this article: Peter Brugger (): The tell-tale brain: Unlocking the mystery of human nature, Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, , THE TELL-TALE BRAIN anne nie physiologically apes. Anyone who has ever been struck by the uncanny near-humanness of the great apes at the zoo has felt . “[Ramachandran] has done as much as anyone to reveal the workings of the mind through the malfunctions of the brain.” - Anthony Gottlieb, New York Times.
The Tell-Tale Brain Summary & Study Guide Description
But later that day, as I was chatting with Ed in my office, two students knocked on the door. One of them, Susan, had striking blue eyes, streaks of red dye in her blonde ringlets, a silver ring in her belly button and an enormous skateboard. We asked the other student to come back later, and waved Susan into a chair.
She leaned the skateboard against the wall and sat down. What did you call it, syn…es…something that rhymes with anesthesia? Our lab has a special interest in it.
What exactly do you experience? The number 5 is always a specific shade of dull red, 3 is blue, 7 is bright blood red, 8 is yellow, and 9 is chartreuse. But it looks red…I told you that. Do you actually see the red? Or does it just make you think of red or make you visualize red…like a memory image. Is it like that?
The tell-tale brain
Or do you literally see the color? I guess I do really see it.
That number you drew looks distinctly red to me. It feels like I am actually seeing it. You are a good observer and that makes everything you say valuable.
To sum up, The Tell Tale Brain does contain some really good information and the sections where the information is presented without commentary work really well. I liked the detective-like approach to making inferences and assumptions about how the brain functions and I liked Ramachandran's overall approach toward psychology, Freudian psychology specifically, and his attempt to enhance those fields with a brain-based physiological understanding of certain common disorders like anxiety and depersonalization.
I also liked that he made it a point to highlight areas for future research and to make clear to the reader when he was straying into the realms of speculation. Overall, there were just too many narrative and stylistic distractions for me to fully appreciate the science going on here. If you're interested in neuroscience, I have no alternatives to suggest since I'm rather new to the field myself, but give it a shot anyway.
It's comprehensive and maybe I am just crazy. Let me know. Ramachandran is the foremost pioneer—the Galileo—of neurocognition.
In The Tell-Tale Brain, we see the genius at work, tackling extraordinary cases, many of which mark turning points in neuroscientific knowledge. We see him hypothesizing, experimenting, failing, having epiphanies, experimenting, succeeding.
In this utterly entertaining account, we see how these fascinating cases fit together, and how he uses them to explain, from a Darwinian point of view, how our brains, though evolved from those of other animals, become neurologically distinct and fundamentally human. Instead, like Sherlock Holmes to whom he is often compared , he seizes on an oddity in a case study, then begins a pleasing process of deduction interspersed with leaps of excitingly creative thought.
Baron-Cohen, who is Director of the Autism Research Center at Cambridge University, stated "There are also clinical and experimental reasons for being skeptical of the broken-mirror theory of autism Ramachandran points to two attributes of the brain as notable contributors. The limb region of the somatosensory cortex also gets a whisper of input from the face, a pathway only revealed when the limb is missing.
The Tell-Tale Brain by V.S. Ramachandran
Synesthetes experience perceptual cross-talk between real stimuli and illusory, seemingly unrelated sensations. Ramachandran suggests that such anomalous connections reveal a propensity for forging ties between content of different kinds, a propensity that would serve us well in the development of new cognitive abilities.
The human brain might have a kind of anatomical flexibility that could lead, on an evolutionary and perhaps on an individual time scale, to repurposing brain areas to perform new tasks.
These neurons were first discovered in the ventral premotor cortex in monkeys in by an Italian research group led by Giaocomo Rizzolatti.
Mirror neurons show increased activity both when the monkey performs an action and when it watches someone else perform that same action. Ramachandran suggests that by lumping observation and performance, mirror neurons might provide us the basis for empathy, theory of mind, and the ability to predict the actions and motivations of others — vital elements of primate, and human, social structure.
The last few chapters of the book shift focus to explore the neuroscience of art — why do we like to look at what we like to look at? Here, Ramachandran proposes that what we find pleasing follows some rules, similar to the Gestalt grouping principles. One of the most intriguing ideas in this section is that our aesthetic preferences might be driven by canonical ideals representing extreme forms of real-world stimuli.Ramachandran seems to do quite the reverse.
PDF The Tell-Tale Brain: A Neuroscientist s Quest for What Makes Us Human Trial Ebook
Ramchandran then goes into greater detail about the specific functions of the parts of the brain he considers most relevant to his work.
This idea suggests a path forward for investigating the neural basis of our aesthetic preferences — currently, very much an unsolved problem — by relating aesthetics to the tuning properties of neurons in the visual pathway.
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